Plants for the Edible Garden
*O=Organic Seed/*NO=Non-Organic Seed
California Wonder– Large thick bell peppers that can be harvested when green or later, as they mature to red. 75+ days. O*
Jalapeno Jalapa Hybrid-‘Medium Hot’ Jalapeno that produces much earlier than other peppers and provides excellent yields. Use in soups, salads, sauces, dips, pickled or dried for seasoning. 60-65+ days. NO*
Little Blue– This amazing little upright plant produces an abundance of 2cm oval glossy purple fruit. It is edible and can be used as a hot pepper as well. A unique and wonderful addition for containers, window boxes or garden beds. Fruit is purple at 60 days and red at 85 days. Full sun. NO*
Scotch Bonnet-‘Very Hot’ variety of chilli pepper similar to and of the same species as the Habanero. It is named for its resemblance to a Tam. This pepper gives jerk dishes and other Caribbean cuisine their unique flavour. 95-100 days. O*
De Arbol-‘Fairly Hot’ Mexican chilli pepper which is also known as bird’s beak chilli and rat’s tail chilli. While only 2 to 3 inches long, and 1/4 to 3/8 inches in diameter, the peppers are small but potent! Peppers start out green, but become a bright red color when mature. Chilli De Arbol peppers can be found fresh, dried, or powdered. Dried chillies are often used to decorate wreaths. NO*
Cayenne Long Red Slim-‘Medium Hot’ Heavy sets of finger thick 13-15cm long peppers. Good choice for fresh eating or drying for hot pepper flakes. Can be eaten green or red. 65 days to green and 85 days to red. O*
Habanero Red-‘Very Hot’ Lots of fruit on these tall plants. 90-100 days. NO*
Tri-Colour Variegata-A never-ending display of green, bronze, and variegated foliage! Pepper colors range from white to purple to red to yellow. Different shapes too! And, if this wasn’t enough, the peppers are very conspicuous; all held above the foliage in a never-ending display until frost. Peppers are edible, but very hot. A little goes a long way! NO*
Brandywine Red-Large beefsteak with excellent flavour and juicy texture. Low yield but well worth it! Round but slightly flattened. 80 days. O*
Bonny Best-Beautiful bright red globe-shaped fruit averaging 140g (5oz.) each. Firm flesh with few seeds-an excellent choice for slicing and canning. Highly sought after for its early high yields and superb taste. This favourite heirloom variety is definitely not a thing of the past! 55+ days. O*
Sweetie-A sweet cherry type tomato. Plants produce sweet 25g (1oz) cherry red fruit throughout the summer. 70+ days O*
King Of Denmark– The large leaves are very thick, rounded, dark green and curled or blistered. Plants grow rapidly and are ready to use as soon as the earliest kinds, yet remain in good condition two weeks longer. They are hardy and vigorous, forming quite large tuffs, compact and low. By growing this heirloom variety the market gardeners will have a longer marketing season. King of Denmark is a fine long standing and heat resistant spinach for the home and market garden. It is well adapted for canning, as the leaves are tender, succulent and of excellent quality. 40-60 days. Grow in sun or part shade. NO*
Sturon- An excellent tasting medium round onion with smooth brown skin and yellow flesh. High yielding, superb storability, great for producing onion sets. This versatile vegetable is an organic treasure. 150 days. O*
This fast growing vine also known as Black-Eyed Susan vine covers itself with lovely funnel-shaped 5cm flowers. Ideal for covering trellises, fences or low walls and an excellent hanging basket plant. Flowers June to frost. 1.2-1.8m or 4-6ft. Full sun. NO*
Jewel-The dwarf Jewel is a mix of bushy compact Nasturtiums. Plants produce a stunning range of bright semi-double flowers, held well above the foliage. Perfect for edging, hanging baskets, and beautiful when grown in containers for a patio or balcony garden. Edible flowers. Full sun-part shade. NO*
Crackerjack-Large African-type blooms in shades of yellow, gold and bright orange are carried well above the foliage. Fully double, fluffy flowers are 10-12.5cm in diameter. Blooms, foliage and sturdy stems combine to form a gorgeous plant. Tolerates heat and poor weather. Plant marigolds in your vegetable garden to add colour and repel bugs. Flowers June to frost. 60-90cm. Full sun. NO*
Black Beauty– Compact spiny ever-bearing bush with dark greenish black skinned fruit. A standard summer squash. Long cylindrical fruit are best harvested young, 15-20cm in length. Every part of the zucchini is edible, the seeds, peels and flowers are very rich in vitamins. 52 days. O*
Loofah is a climbing vine related to gourds and cucumbers, and sometimes called the “dishrag vine,” a reference to the sponge-like qualities of the dried fruit. Six species are in the Luffa genus, and they are widely cultivated for food and sponge uses. The Loofah is the only plant source of sponge, and it has been used in bathhouses and kitchens for centuries. Traditionally cultivated in India and the Middle East, where the name originates, Loofah is also grown in other warm, dry regions.
Sweet basil is best used for pesto, soups, tomato dishes, salads, with poultry or fish, excellent stored in oil or vinegar. Keep in a tightly sealed container if freezing or drying. Excellent in garden and containers. 85 days. Full sun. 30-60cm. O*
Use leaves to flavour salads, dip, meat and fish and the seeds in baked goods, cheeses and vinegar. This easy to grow, attractive herb grows to 60-90 cm. 70 days. Full sun. O*
Marjoram Sweet-organum majorana
Sweet Marjoram is a bushy herb plant with small light green leaves. Use with most meats, soups, stews, sauces and sachets for its aroma. Prefers a sunny protected location. Water occasionally. Use fresh anytime. Store in a dry, dark, well-ventilated area. 70 days. Full sun. 25-40cm. NO*
Hidecote Blue- Lavandula angustifolia ‘Hidecote’ is a true English lavender hardy in zones 4 to 10. An outstanding perennial herb with spikes of deep blue flowers and attractive silver-blue, scented foliage. Use in alpine garden, border, container, ground cover, massing, rock garden, seashore, specimen. Blooms all summer. Attracts butterflies, suitable for cut flowers, dried flowers, and fragrant flowers. Lavender has been used for centuries for health and healing, and because of its soothing, relaxing properties, has become known as the “Mothering Oil”. Plant in full sun. Slow growth rate. Height 12-15”. Space 12-24”. O*
Its benefits include:
- Nurturing and calming
- Settles irritability and gently sedating, restores mind and body to a state in which healing can take place
- Insect repellent- Lavender water may be safely sprayed around foods to keep flies away. It may also be sprayed on plants to control mealy bug and aphids.
- Plant lavender bushes around windows and doors to deter mosquitoes.
- Cooking- Add a few lavender flowers (must be Lavandula Angustifolia) to dishes and baking.
Italian Dark Green Parsley is superior in flavour making it an excellent choice for use in its fresh form or dried. Leaves are attractive and tasty- a terrific source of vitamins and the perfect garnish and breath refresher all in one! Excellent in containers and garden. 75 days. Full sun-part shade.30-40cm. O*
Heritage Canada Red-Canada Red’, is one of the sweetest of the red rhubarbs with bright red stems that are delicious for sauces and pies. Be sure to pull the stems loose, don’t cut them off. This perennial should be mulched deeply with manure each fall. Rhubarb thrives in cool locations and full sun, but in warmer climates, plants benefit from light shade but form longer, thinner stems. Rhubarb needs deep, moist but well-drained soil, and is generally trouble-free. Slow growth of older plants is a signal that they need dividing. This rhubarb does harvest well in fall and seldom goes to seed. This attractive perennial plant will accent your landscape and remain productive for decades.O*
Heritage – ‘Heritage’, has firm medium-sized red berries that have exceptional flavour, colour, firmness and quality. It is superb for fresh eating, freezing, preserving, or for making pies and jams, and pastries. Heritage is an outstanding everbearing variety that produces a crop in mid-July and then again in early September. They are disease-resistant, highly productive, easy-to-grow and will bear fruit the first year. The Heritage red raspberry has been given the 2004 Outstanding Fruit Cultivar Award by the American Society of Horticultural Sciences.
Raspberries do best in full sun on non-alkaline, fertile loam soil. However, they may be grown in partial shade or under other environmental limitations. Although a well-drained soil is essential for success, a sandy soil will need to have plenty of organic matter incorporated in preparation. Raspberries need a fair amount of moisture throughout the growing season. Raspberries take little space, and live for years. Birds also love the fruit, so you may have to share the harvest. *O
Ozark Beauty- Ozark Beauty is an everbearing strawberry that produces berries that are red, large, firm, and full of flavour. This perennial beauty is a great strawberry for eating fresh or freezing. The plants are vigorous, very productive and produce runners easily. Disease resistant. O*